Electric Vehicles (EVs)

Electric vehicles (EVs) are propelled by an electric motor (or motors) powered by rechargeable battery packs. Electric motors have several advantages over internal combustion engines (ICEs):
  • Energy efficient. Electric motors convert 75% of the chemical energy from the batteries to power the wheels-internal combustion engines (ICEs) only convert 20% of the energy stored in gasoline.
  • Environmentally friendly. EVs emit no tailpipe pollutants, although the power plant producing the electricity may emit them. Electricity from nuclear-, hydro-, solar-, or wind-powered plants causes no air pollutants.
  • Reduce energy dependence. Electricity is a domestic energy source.
  • Performance benefits. Electric motors provide quiet, smooth operation and stronger acceleration and require less maintenance than ICEs.
The Down Side: Batteries
EVs face significant battery-related challenges:
  • Driving range. Most EVs can only go 150 miles (or less) before recharging-gasoline vehicles can go over 300 miles before refueling.
  • Recharge time. Fully recharging the battery pack can take 4 to 8 hours.
  • Battery cost: The large battery packs are expensive and usually must be replaced one or more times.
  • Bulk & weight: Battery packs are heavy and take up considerable vehicle space.
Researchers are working on improved battery technologies to increase driving range and decrease recharging time, replacement frequency, weight, and cost. These factors will ultimately determine the future of EVs.

Information Articles News Links
other news:
10/23/2014 02:00 PM
Electric Vehicles Crucial to the Development of Sustainable Cities
The key role electric transportation will play in creating liveable cities at a time of rapid global urbanization will be the focus of Electric Mobility Canada's 6th annual conference and trade show in ...
10/23/2014 11:15 AM
Plug-In Electric Vehicles Are Expected to Make Up 2.4 Percent of Global Light-Duty Vehicle Sales by 2023, According to ...
A new report from Navigant Research provides a comprehensive overview of the overall light duty vehicle market, including global forecasts for annual LDV sales and vehicles i
10/23/2014 12:04 PM
Pennsylvania State Lawmakers Support Consumers, Environment with New Electric Vehicle Legislation
MEDINA, Minn., Oct. 23, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The Pennsylvania General Assembly recently voted to expand the choices of citizens in the state, while protecting the environment, by passing legislation that allows low speed electric vehicles (LSVs), known in Pennsylvania as Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs), to travel on approved roads with a posted speed limit of no more than 35 miles per hour ...
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EVs ON WIKIPEDIA  ·  EVs HISTORY ·  U.S. Patent 1,017,198 , E. W. Bender, Electric Motor vehicle

source: www.fueleconomy.gov

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